Cactus, Candelabra (Euphorbia lactea)

<BACK

CACTUS, CANDELABRA
(Euphorbia lactea)
A.K.A.
Mottled Spurge, Frilled Fan, Elkhorn, Candelabra spurge, Candelabrum tree, Candelabra cactus,
Candelabra plant, Dragon bones, False cactus,
Hatrack cactus, Milkstripe euphorbia, Mottled candlestick
______

Candelabra-Cactus Candelabra Catus

It is an erect shrub growing up to 5 m tall, with succulent branches 3–5 cm diameter, ridged, with a triangular or rhombic cross-section; the ridges are spiny, with short spines up to 5 mm long. The leaves are minute, and soon deciduous. All parts of the plant contain a poisonous milky latex.

Distribution:
Native to tropical Asia mainly India. It is widely grown as an ornamental plant, both in the tropics, and as a houseplant in temperate regions; a number of cultivars have been selected for ornamental use, notably ‘Cristata’ with frilled branching.

Conditions of Poisoning:
Severe eye problems have also been experimentally produced in dogs. Ingestion should be avoided by children and family pets.

Toxic Principle:
Latex

Clinical Signs:
The milky sap of candelabra-cactus contains an irritant that can cause intense burning and keratoconjunctivitis if a drop gets into the eyes. In one case, a man felt intense pain in his eye followed by mild conjunctival hyperemia and punctate staining of the cornea. Within 24 hours the patient had copious mucous discharge, marked conjunctival edema, swollen lids, and severe pain in the eye. A few days later the eye began to heal, with complete recovery after a couple of weeks. Experiments on dogs resulted in similar symptoms, with eventual clearing of the eyes.

IMMEDIATELY CAll YOUR VET FOR TREATMENT OPTIONS
__________

 Lone Star English Setter Club provides this information
as a partial reference of the potential poisons that could harm your dog.
We are not veterinarian’s and DO NOT provide medical help.

 If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance,
contact your local veterinarian or
the ASPCA’s 24-hour emergency poisoning hotline directly

 1-888-426-4435