Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera)

(Macluar pomifera)
Hedge Apple, Horse Apple, Monkey Ball, Bois d’arc, Bowwood, Bodark, or Bodock


Osage-OrangeOsage Orange Fruit

Osage Orange is a large shrub or small tree that grows 26 to 49 feet tall that bears large spherical bumpy fruit roughly 53 to 6 inched in diameter. In the fall when the fruit ripens it turns to a bright yellow-green.  The fruit is filled with a sticky white latex. While oranges belong to the family (Rutacerae the Osage Orange is more closely related to the mulberry (Moraceae) family. The trees have a short trunk with a rounded-topped head. The leaves vary from dark free to pale green shaped like a long oval terminating a a slender point and arranged alternate each other on a 3 to 4 foot shoots.

Native to the Red River drainage of Oklahoma,  Texas and Arkansas as well as in the Blackland prairies, Post Oak Savannas and Chisos Mountains in Texas. Over the years the Osage Orange has been naturalized throughout the United States and Canada.

Conditions of Poisoning:
Skin contact

Toxic Principle:
Tetrahydroxystilbene, Wighteone

Clinical Symptoms:
The Milky Sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions.


 Lone Star English Setter Club provides this information
as a partial reference of the potential poisons that could harm your dog.
We are not veterinarian’s and DO NOT provide medical help.

 If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance,
contact your local veterinarian or
the ASPCA’s 24-hour emergency poisoning hotline directly